Home Politics Prof. Jason Stanley Part 2 | Part 2 | Democracy and Tyranny...

Prof. Jason Stanley Part 2 | Part 2 | Democracy and Tyranny | Zoom | Political Philosophy | USA


well thank you as well as do you think it'' s a toe clutter system will certainly drop ultimately well we understand from the history of ideology that every autonomous culture encounters the trouble of tyrants so this is not a brand-new trouble book 8 of Plato'' s Republic he states freedom will lead quickly to tyranny because some leader will certainly come they'' ll state they ' ll spread conspiracy theories concerning individuals who are trying to overthrow the country as well as they'' ll say as well as they'' ll state that they'' re the solid'leader and also they ' re gon na secure you then they ' ll confiscate power as well as take all the money that they can and the power and also they ' ll hand some bent on their supporters to show their supporters that they ' re really on their side and after that they'' ll never ever enable up as well as this is the oldest trouble in political approach it dates back to publication 8 of Plato'' s Republic and also Plato claims you understand the trouble of democracy will certainly always be the problem of slave drivers and also authoritarians and also as well as there'' s a simply a Plato simply outlines just how autocrats work dictators spread out concern they say individuals are bent on get you and also they represent themselves as securing you so I believe it'' s wrong to believe that you recognize to really hope that this will certainly that the problem of slave driver of tyranny will certainly vanish the issue of tyranny is the problem of freedom our democracies are always at threat of being taken control of by tyrants that spread out fear as well as that look for best power which will certainly always be with us it'' s component of human nature to be afraid it'' s component of humanity to to really feel that you understand if you'' re the leading team it ' s component of human nature to feel that you ought to be the dominant group therefore and also authoritarians will always attract that so since this issue is as old as go back to the start of political viewpoint itself I wear'' t think we can think that a person day it will be over I believe we simply have to think this is what it means to reside in an autonomous culture where people can vote and people are susceptible to be afraid and also and and both are quickly flattered they'' re conveniently commended so you tell them no you must be the facility of the country you recognize in America Donald Trump basically informs white Christians you should be the centerpiece and also they'' re like yes you ' re right whenever I see a black individual on television it eliminates from me as well as they'' re trying to eliminate from my midpoint so I assume this there'' s a playbook regarding just how tyrants function and humans are at risk to this and and so you understand III believe that I imply I assume that if we resided in diverse societies where people felt that their requirements were cared for by their federal government by the government and also they really felt that individuals various from them were their fellow-countrymans and also shared this society with them and also appreciated them although they were various after that slave drivers wouldn'' t have the ability to spread out fear so conveniently but when we huh one day most of us live in Utopia hopefully however till after that you know I think what we'' ve found out is that you recognize you can never really feel risk-free in a freedom Plato warned us of this as well as publication eight of the Republic a freedom is constantly sysout always at risk and also constantly will certainly be and also so I assume possibly going forward if we can all those of us that all stay in autonomous societies as well as simply recognize that democracy is something you have to deal with at all times that will certainly be a defense discussing the minority groups as well as you know the anxiety that that is spread out by Terence can we talk about some like some news that are going today that I just in enhancing of bigotry regarding recent condition United States is getting in touch with politically inaccurate expressions according to this just how should politicians in the future speak in order to in order to cleanse up detestation good so when for a long time guy I'' m uncertain I don'' t assume that the USA there ' s been a boost in bigotry the United States has constantly had a remarkable quantity of racism however well we'' ve had recently is we'' ve had a president that freely utilizes hate speech racist vocabulary so as well as as well as I believe when we assessed what'' s taking place we need to recognize it'' s it ' s not that he boosted bigotry it ' s that by utilizing openly racist vocabulary by not speaking in a civil way he drew in support he obtained people to elect him as well as I assume I think it'' s it ' s made complex specifically to non-americans to clarify exactly how that worked I think it functioned such as this everybody was being racist in the method they talk they were simply not being freely racist they were just being racist they were hinting at it they were meaning bigotry when Expense Clinton in the 1990s the head of state wed us President 1990 said were ending well-being as we understand it that was concealed racist talk that was that was racist despite the fact that it wasn'' t because words well-being obtains linked in white Americans minds with black people it was a so call it was a code word what we call a code name often called a dog whistle what Trump did is he was openly racist he claimed Mexicans you know Mexicans are coming here they'' re rapists well that ' s not a code name that'' s very open you understand we'' ve been calling Muslims terrorists it ' s extremely hazardous if if you have political leaders calling people terrorists call ethnic groups terrorists I wear'' t understand if you ' re accustomed to that in Turkey but in the United States we have actual politicians that call whole entire ethnic groups terrorists they'' ll claim points like Muslims are terrorists well you understand Muslims are whole team of individuals you recognize so so when you do that that'' s extremely unsafe you'understand when when you ' re saying as well as then they claim oh no I simply implied several of them are well several of every person is a terrorist so yeah that'' s that ' s that ' s you recognize when you have political leaders calling ethnic groups terrorists or criminals you know and in America like Mexicans are rapists or there ' s constantly this'ballot there ' s always this point where you link there ' s this step that tyrants make that demagogues make when they attach an ethnic group like black individuals or racial group black people Muslims they say black people are lawbreakers Muslims are terrorists that type of talk is incredibly dangerous uh it it it connects the application although the politician will after that state I just indicated some right that'' s regular I didn'' t mean almost some cigars I just indicated some Muslims or terrorists I didn'' t imply all black before criminal I just indicated some black people were criminal it'' s still it ' s the feature of that talk is to connect teams with awful acts and when you connect groups with dreadful acts you permit anything to be done to them after that individuals will certainly avert when points are done to them as well as so so we hadn'' t nevertheless we had in the USA we have a lengthy history of political leaders speaking about black people black American residents as hooligans wrongdoers we have a background considering that the very least given that 9/11 of talking regarding our Muslim citizens as terrorists as well as this kind of talk has a remarkable impact on people'' s sight of entire groups it triggers them to consider them as much less than human as well as it enables the government to do points to that group members of that group they should not be able to do so what I would prefer is that we never enable political leaders to talk in this way to say points like black people are crooks or Jewish people are hoggish or you recognize or Muslims are terrorists it enables individuals to think because criminal terrorists do you want are those people truly citizens of yours are they fellow-countrymans as well as fellow human beings no that type of talk recommends that they must be put somewhere in jail or something as well as so and also as well as constantly which type of talk always continues mass physical violence or state physical violence versus participants of that team but I think regrettably when because numerous individuals were trafficking in in racist talk however it was with secret language like we'' re gon na hand welfare when when Donald Trump came and he just and also he said as well as he said the important things he did Mexicans are rapists if people resemble oh he'' s truly sincere and also genuine'he ' s a real authentic politician that is speaking his mind therefore to ensure that drew in individuals to them so but I hope I really hope at some time we'' re going to have a return to we ' re going to need to return to to a way of speaking where individuals will we'' re people of autonomous societies will certainly be very opposed when there will certainly be shut off when that when politicians state you recognize Muslims are terrorists or other kinds of hate speech as well as it would certainly be possible to create words with us bigotry as an example even while we were introducing ourselves we explain ourselves with the social identification with our ambience and I put on'' t recognize which are in community service so it would be feasible to create job without bigotry or something like that ah I believe the issue is the problem is tyranny I think there are several problems yet one issue is any type of anybody who wants to be an authoritarian need is mosting likely to utilize bigotry or something like it or homophobia disgust of gay individuals or or some method to recommend that a minority group is endangering the majority and also the majority requires a strong leader to take control and protect them so that is just that'' s just how tyranny functions that ' s exactly how a tyrant functions so as long as you have individuals that desire'to be slave drivers they ' re mosting likely to try to develop some to concentrate on a minority group and after that create anxiety about that minority group as well as represent themselves as the protector of the majority team so so you recognize and so that'' s one issue one issue is'tyranny it ' s unclear how to be an autocrat unless you have bigotry I mean maybe you can there'' s bigotry there ' s spiritual discrimination which you know like in the United States against Muslims which is a very severe trouble in Israel again in in in in every nation has has in India versus Muslims so so clearly anti-semitism is an is Europe'' s old problem so so I wouldn ' t claim it'' s so we have what we have is we have the trouble of minority teams of caste claim I imply in India the attacks on on Muslims are not truly I indicate they'' re not actually racism due to the fact that there are assaults on on Indians of the exact same ethnic group that are simply of a different faith so I assume I indicate I think race is so allow'' s take 2 factors allowed ' s take bigotry which is a specific sort of of ranking of hierarchy by race so you know Europeans sensation premium to Africans as a result of they conquered Africa and since they colonized Africa as well as had the slave labor and Exploited Africa they desire to claim that Africa didn'' t have an excellent world well prior to Europe fence you know they wish to remove its background so the problem of race of white as well as black of Europe as well as Africa of Europe and Asia that'' s one trouble as well as one more trouble is simply the basic trouble of bulk minute teams in a society and also minority groups because culture so those are two various from related troubles I imply you recognize I'' m Jewish however you know a Palestinian is someone who looks extremely comparable to me you understand Palestinians and also as well as is Jewish there were a team of individuals residing in an area a pair thousand years earlier as well as all of us look comparable as well as you understand so commonly these bulk minority tensions are in between teams that have actually occupied the exact same area as well as appearance I can'' t tell if somebody is a Turkish individual is Kurdish or otherwise I imply they all they you recognize you recognize that'' s not a race problem that ' s a you understand there have been Kurdish and also non Kurdish individuals in the Footrest Realm and also prior to that Byzantium for a long time you recognize a salad iron was Curtis at the UH so so so that issue of bulk and minority groups I believe will certainly may always be with culture it'' s something to do with how we are society'' s the problem of the racial divide of black versus white I think that'' s a more recent point it comes from the European colonization of Africa and also as well as it'' s a particular instance of the more general problem in in social dominance theory Felicia Pareto and Jim Sciences concept of social psychology they state that all societies require an out-group every society needs a minority group that that it strikes as the bad guys and also as well as I hope that'' s not true but yet it definitely is this framework that we see political philosophy discussing constantly and as long as we have slave drivers we have will have individuals claiming that there'' s a minority group that is a danger and we require to secure ourselves from them

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